The D.S.M. is the offspring of odd bedfellows: the medical industry, with its focus on germs and other biochemical causes of disease, and psychoanalysis, the now-largely-discredited discipline that attributes our psychological suffering to our individual and collective history (italics mine.)While lying on the couch 5 days a week may not be a realistic treatment for most people, the discipline of psychoanalysis as a whole is most certainly not "discredited."
Most of the best ideas that I use in my work come from psychoanalysts-John Bowlby, D.W. Winnicott, Peter Fonagy -to name a few. I first learned about gene-environment interactions, expressed in my letter about ADHD published today in the New York Times , from another psychoanalyst, David Reiss, of the Yale Child Study Center, when he was the Erickson Scholar at Austen Riggs, a psychiatric hospital where intensive inpatient treatment is grounded in psychoanalytic thought. Reiss and his colleagues are on the forefront of collaborative research in neuroscience, child development and parenting. My recent piece, Mothers, Babies, Psychoanalysts, Pediatricians, shows how contemporary research in this discipline is making significant contributions to our understanding of how to promote healthy development in children at risk. Bruce Perry, a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, is leader in the field of trauma research and treatment. In describing his model of intervention, he writes of the way brains develop in relationships. Healing from trauma must occur in the context of relationships.
Relationships between parents and children are among the most passionate. We fiercely love our children, though at moments are filled with unimaginable rage at them. Psychoanalytic literature that explores parent-child relationships, in my opinion, has poetry and feelings, in keeping with the subject matter. This is in contrast to much of the literature coming out of other disciplines that address this subject. Perhaps this is because, as Freud said in a letter to Jung, "psychoanalysis is in essence a cure through love."
There is an interesting discussion going on now on the list serve of the American Psychoanalytic Association about love. Because relationships between analyst and patient are so intense and intimate, much attention, rightfully so, is paid to the importance of maintaining boundaries. Boundary violations are destructive to patient, analyst and the therapy. Yet there must be a place for love. One analyst, Jane Hall, writes of the relationship:
It involves constancy, trust, compassion, patience, impatience, fury, empathy, consistency, amazement, attraction, disappointment, and regard among other things. This experience defines love for me.Hypothesizing about the ability of love to change the brain, she writes "love is more powerful that we know. After all, it does make the world go round."
When I feel stressed, caught up in the whirlwind of intense controversy around how to best help young children develop in a healthy way, I return to these psychoanalytic roots. I find that they keep me grounded.